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Composting

Composting

07 Mar 2016 Rama Mishra

Ever felt so attached to your garden that all you wanted for it was to see them growing naturally? Want your plants and vegetables to be free from toxic chemicals?

We feel your love and that’s why we are going to talk about one of the best methods to make your garden flourish by means of Organic composting

What is Composting?

Composting can be done by decaying of organic materials which forms into a fertilizer. It can be made from anything; from waste fruit and vegetable peels to manure to dry leaves that have fallen in your garden, anything!

How does Composting help?

Makes the soil nutrient rich: Composting provides the texture & a dose of high nutrients that makes the soil of your garden super fertile.

Improves quality of soil: Composting adds to the moisture retention capacity of soil & thus plants can grow even with lesser watering.

Helps conserve nature: As it is all natural, by composting you contribute in a big way in preventing chemical pollution that happens when artificial chemical fertilizers run off from soil to nearby water body or underground water table.

Is very economical: Composting is a win-win situation where you recycle your kitchen waste and convert them into organic fertilizer for your plants.

How to create a Compost Pile?

The compost creating micro-organisms in the soil need two things - Carbon & Nitrogen. That’s why the composition of the raw materials of compost should have a balance of both carbon & nitrogen rich ingredients.

Carbon is provided by materials which decay and rot slowly and add fibre to the compost e.g. dried flowers, newspaper, cardboard, dry leaves, twigs, branches etc.

Nitrogen is provided by materials which decay and rot fast and also do the job of adding moisture to the compost mixture. E.g. fruit & vegetable peels, grass trimmings, tea bags, used coffee grounds etc.

The ideal ratio is 3:1 i.e. 3 parts of carbon rich materials to 1 part of nitrogen rich materials.

Be very careful and do not add or put any fatty food like fish, butter, poultry, dairy products as these can become a pest magnet & also reduce moisture from the compost pile.

How to know the Compost is ready to use?

A compost should be used only when it is completely ready else there won’t be enough nitrogen in the compost & the bacteria within it may compete with plants for the same & lead to slower plant growths.

Two ways to judge compost readiness is:

Texture: The compost will become brown & crumbling and not have a powdery appearance.

Composition: Almost all of the raw components of compost pile would have been decayed except for few traces.

How to use Compost in soil?

The final step is to mix compost with soil. If you are preparing the garden bed then mix it with the soil at the time of soil preparation or if you have been already growing plants, place the compost around the stem and roots of flower/vegetable beds or plants and let the compost seep naturally in the soil.

So what are you waiting for? Collect your kitchen waste create a compost pit and shower your garden with your own handmade organic compost and see your plants bloom!

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